Renewable Energy Development with Identification Velocity of Indonesia Trough Flow in Eastern Indonesia
Firman Setiawan, Enjang Hernandhy and Abrella Qisthy
Undergraduets of Padjadjaran University, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Indonesia
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
One effort to reduce dependence on energy resources derived from fossil as well as an effort to provide solutions to the problems above as well as to reduce the impact of global warming is to develop renewable energy sources. One of the great potential energy source is the energy of ocean currents, Indonesia passed a very unique flow that is known by Indonesia Trough Flow (ITF / Arlindo).
Indonesia Trough Flow, which has a current strength values in each path that has the potential to meet electricity demand in Indonesia. ITF is a system in Indonesian waters where there is current path that carries the water masses from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean. Pacific water mass consists of water masses of North Pacific and the South Pacific. Trough Flow path with the path of Indonesia (ITF/Arlindo), there are several provinces that targeted the development of energy used as the location of ocean currents that pass by ITF including West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, Maluku, North Maluku and North Sulawesi. The average value of current for 3 years (2004-2006) at Sea Makassar where the average is 11.6 Sv, 2.6 Sv Lombok Sea, Halmahera Sea (Lifamatola) 1.1 Sv, 4.9 Sv and Ombai Sea Timor Sea 7.5 Sv. The values of these currents when we convert it into units of Watts will produce a very large energy, where electricity demand in Indonesia or the world will be fulfilled.
Keyword: Renewable energy, Arlindo, demand for electricity
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